Siwa Oasis Located about 306 kilometers to the south – west of Marsa Matrouh , Siwa was known as "Benta " this nama was found in one of the famous documents at Edfu temple . It was named then "Amoun oasis " till the reign of the Ptolemy era , when they named it "Santa Ria "

The Arabs called it " the furthest oasis " . it was inhabited by groups of Bardarians who spoke a local siwan dialect . Amoun oasis was dedicated for worshipping the Ancient Egyptian gods especially "god Amoun " the greatest till the coming of Christianity and the beginning of the religious persecution but Christianity did not spread among the inhabitants and they continued to worship the Ancient Egyptian gods until the Arabs entered it in the 9th century A.D.

since then islam spread among the residents of the oasis but the oasis didn't submit to the Islamic rule till during the fatimed era .

Siwa is located about 17 m under the Mediterranean level . in winter it is warm, rarely – shown till the end of February but from the beginning of March the temperature rises gradually till it reaches its utmost during summer.

Siwa oasis is 94263 km2 square kilometers and has a population of 17000 in a combination of Egyptians, Barbarians who came from the west and some Sudanese .All of them speak a local "Siwan " dialect which is an amalgamation of Bedouin dialect, barbarian dialect and some Arabic words .

 Siwa oasis contains the following villages : khomaisa, Ei Maraky, Aghourmy, Bahy Ei Din, Qoraysht, Abushrouf, El Zaytoun, El Gara and ( Om El Sagheer ) 

The visiting of Alexander the Great to siwa


After Alexander the Great had occupied Egypt and built the city of Alexanderia, he wished to visit the "temple of Amoun " in Siwa which had a great fame in the ancient whole world in winter of 331 B.C he left Alexanderia accompanied by his combrades and froops of his army towards the west to "paratonium " known nowadays as "Marsa Matrouh " then he continued his way to the south through the caravans road, known as the "Suitan road" it seems that Alexander the great didn't inform the temple oracles of his visit that is why the people of Amoun Were surprised to see the coming convoy . when seeing him, the oracles went out to welcome him at the gate and accompanied him to the temple 


(the remains of old Siwa ) it was named shali in the siwan local dialect and was built by the siwans pending the 12 th century A.d they used it to defend themselves from other neighboring tribes. The remains of the city are in siwa square.

The Revelation Temple (the prophecy temple ) : it was built during the 26 th dynasty (Amazes age ) on a huge rock named Aghourmy. Lt is located about 3 kilometers to the east of siwa. The importance of this temple, dates back to the prophecy Alexander the Great received from the god Amoun during his visit to the god's temple at the beginning of his invasion to Egypt . The rest of the temple has not been completely excavated up till now because the settlers of the oasis have built many houses on that spot. 

Amoun temple


The history of this temple dates back to the 30 th dynasty. It is located to the south of the prophecy temple, there are a few scattered block and standing walls which show (Nekhtanbo the second )the builder of the temple standing in front of god Amoun worshipping him moreover the walls contain some of the religious rituals. 

Dakroor Mountain 

Located about 3 km to the south east of the oasis. This mountain has gained a treatment importance for a long time in curing the rheumatic pains. This kind of environmental treatment has been well known to the exert that El Dakroor Mountain has become a famous destination for therapeutic tourism for both Egyptians and Foreigners. This area is characterized by the mild climate and the rain fall which its suitable for treatment.            

It Contains thousands of engraved tombs dated back to the Ptolemy ahe and the late roman age. The tombs contain decorations and names of the old kings and elites. The most famous ones are: the tomb of sa Amoun, Niber bathut, messieu isis and El Temsah (crocodile ) 

Cleopatra's bath


It is one of the most important and beautiful springs in the oasis Herodotus described it as the eye of the sun which is used for irrigating gardens.